Haryana is one of the smallest states in India with an area of 44, 212 square kilometres. The state of Haryana is landlocked and surrounded by Himachal Pradesh to the north, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in the east, Punjab to the north-west and Rajasthan in the south and south-west. The Yamuna river and the Shiwalik hills border the north-east. The south and south-west region is semi-arid, and an extension of the Aravalli ranges runs through parts of Mahendragarh, Rewari, Gurgaon, Bhiwani and Jhajjar districts.
" Haryana is divided into five cultural regions; Ahirwal, Mewat, Bagar, Nardak and Khadar "
Ahirwal, in the southwest, borders Rajasthan and is home to the Ahirs. Mewat, also in the south, and also bordering Rajasthan, is home to the Muslim Meo community. Bagar, in the west, derives its name from the Bagari dialect, which is shared across the border with Rajasthan. The Nardak region in the north has close ties with Himachal Pradesh, and many people speak Pahari in the districts of Panchkula, Yamunanagar and some parts of Ambala. Elsewhere in Nardak, Punjabi is spoken among the communities of Punjabis and Jats. The heartland of Haryana is Khadar. The fertile soil near the Western Yamuna Canal and Satluj Yamuna Link Canal helps the farmers to grow commercial crops like rice, sugarcane and wheat. The dialect Khadi boli is spoken here.
The main languages spoken by the people of Haryana are Haryanvi, Hindi, Punjabi. Many dialects have originated, which are spoken throughout the length and breadth of Haryana.
The tradition of Haryana gives equal social status, irrespective of their official or financial positions in life, have equal social status, the only criterion of superiority is age.
The people of Haryana give lot of importance to milk and curd for it is one of the richest places in cattle population. Obviously the cuisine of Haryana has lot of dairy products and more of vegetarians. Roti of Bajara, Channa, Makka & wheat are most commonly eaten by the people of Haryana.
Men usually dress up themselves with dhoti, Kurta, turban and a pair of jutti. Woman's costume consists of a ghaggra, shirt and a printed orhni which has long cloth used to drape the front area of her body.
Haryana has a rich tradition of dances for various occasions like folk dance, dhamal dance,Khoria Dance, Saang Dance, Chhath Dance, Khoria Dance, Ghoomar Dance, Ras Leela, Jhumar Dance, and Loor dance. The folk music of Haryana has been spread by the Bhats, Saangis, and Jogis. Music is made using many traditional instruments like Sarangi, Harmonium, Chimta, Dhadd, Dholak, Manjeera, Khartal, Damaru, Duggi.